Fiery Cross

Finnish boy with summoning stick 1876

Fiery cross, bidding stick, summoning stick, budstikke, stembod, and war arrow is a wooden object such as a club or baton carried by messengers in Northern Europe, Scotland, and Scandinavia to rally men for rebellion and defense. In places such as…
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If you’ve ever seen the movie Braveheart, then you know it’s a historical fact that the Scots used to paint their faces electric blue to scare their enemies. Just kidding! Braveheart is riddled with numerous historical inaccuracies, but I don’t…
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